Protein drinks 101
Overall, they're a good choice. To revive you, someone must give you an injection of glucagon, a hormone that stimulates the release of glycogen, a form of stored glucose, from the liver, or emergency services must be called to give you glucose intravenously. Diabetes More than 30 million U. Simple Steps for Diabetes Foot Care. When making shakes and smoothies, use the least amount of sweetener possible. View All Last Updated: True to its name, this smoothie contains three antioxidant-rich berries.
If hypoglycemia is causing your feeling of fatigue, your blood glucose level may go even lower during your nap, and you are unlikely to be able to detect other symptoms of hypoglycemia while asleep. Having a headache often signals that you had hypoglycemia earlier in the day or have had it for some time. For example, if you wake up with a headache or leave a movie theater with a headache, you may have been hypoglycemic for some time.
If the headache is severe enough, you may have nausea. You should treat yourself with carbohydrate and plan to monitor more frequently for the rest of the day. Double vision and tunnel vision are two types of visual disturbances that may occur with hypoglycemia. Like headache, impaired vision also often signals that your blood glucose has been low for quite some time.
Your brain routinely takes two pictures from two eyes and formulates the pictures into a single image. When your brain does not have enough glucose, the brain loses the ability to coordinate vision. If you are becoming hypoglycemic while reading, you may notice that you cannot find the correct line or that you see fewer words with each glance. Difficulty absorbing new information. Without adequate glucose, your brain has trouble taking in new information.
If you find yourself reading the same paragraph over and over or listening to someone speak then realizing you missed what was said, perhaps because you were daydreaming, you may have hypoglycemia.
Dizziness is another symptom that occurs after a person has been hypoglycemic for some time. You may have trouble walking a straight line or changing body positions. This is one of many symptoms of hypoglycemia that may be misinterpreted as drunkenness. If strangers or the police find you swerving while walking, medical identification in the form of a bracelet, necklace, or wallet card may save you from a misunderstanding and get you the treatment needed to stave off severe hypoglycemia.
Numbness or tingling in the face or hands may be symptoms of hypoglycemia. Sometimes the numbness is first noticed in one spot, such as the upper lip, then it spreads across the face. Anxious, giddy, confused, and irritable behaviors are important symptoms for friends, coworkers, and family members to learn about. These symptoms may occur when you can no longer judge that you are in danger. Your blood glucose may be so low that you no longer recognize family members or authority figures such as the police.
You may argue, cry, yell, or fight. It can be difficult to help a person who has reached this stage. It may help to talk over the possibility of this happening with your friends, coworkers, and family members before it happens and to brief them on what to do if it does. You might ask your potential helpers to remain calm, to refrain from raising their voices which can feel threatening , and to place a container of juice or some glucose tablets in your hand or on the table or desk in front of you.
Typically, a person passes from an agitated stage to a more docile stage, when it may be easier to get him to drink juice or to eat something. But the docile stage precedes the passing out stage, leaving little room for comfort. Even though dealing with an agitated person is difficult, it is better to at least try to get him to eat or drink than to simply wait until his blood glucose level drops even lower.
Hypoglycemia while driving For obvious reasons, it is important for people with diabetes to recognize symptoms of hypoglycemia while driving and to pull over to treat it.
However, two common early symptoms of hypoglycemia, shaking and sweating, are often not noticed while driving. If you are gripping the steering wheel, you may not notice fine tremors in your fingers, and if you are driving in hot weather, you may assume that sweating is due to the weather. One way to lower your chances of experiencing low blood glucose while driving is to establish a minimum safe blood glucose level for driving with the help of your health-care provider and to always check your blood glucose level before driving.
Two typical characteristics of a driver with hypoglycemia are that he develops a sort of one-track mind, in which continuing to drive becomes the sole goal, and that he loses the ability to remember where he is or how to get to his final destination.
A driver may, for example, miss the exit to a familiar destination, drive steadily in one direction with no change in driving speed, or drive for many miles beyond his destination. Other peculiar driving behavior reported by family members of people driving with hypoglycemia include stopping at all traffic lights no matter what the color of the light.
Often, passengers are the first to notice that something is awry. You should do the same if you recognize any other possible symptoms of hypoglycemia such as double vision.
Because of the increased responsibility that comes with driving, you should confirm that your blood glucose has returned to a safe level after consuming some carbohydrate before resuming driving. If you have it, you have a better chance of getting the treatment you need. Parents are also demanding that teens check their blood glucose level before driving and delay driving until their blood glucose is in a safe range.
These same rules should be followed by drivers of any age who are at risk for hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia while sleeping Detecting hypoglycemia while sleeping poses many challenges for people with diabetes. When you are asleep, you cannot tell if your fingers are shaking. In addition, you may not realize that you have double vision or notice weakness or fatigue.
But there are some symptoms that may wake you up or partially arouse you, including the following:. If you awaken to cold, wet sheets or pajamas, you may be tempted to just change clothes or get a dry sheet and go back to sleep as quickly as possible.
But you need to consume some carbohydrate and do a thorough job of treating your low blood sugar to avoid more problems later. Avoid the desire to ignore the problem. For this symptom to be useful, you have to learn to recognize that a fast heartbeat is a symptom of something very wrong and take action.
Treatment for mild nighttime hypoglycemia includes eating or drinking some carbohydrate. Usually, treatment for severe hypoglycemia during the day is to either call an ambulance or give glucagon. In contrast, for severe nighttime hypoglycemia, many health-care providers recommend doing both: Review your exercise, food intake, and medicine intake from the previous evening or day to look for clues to the cause of your hypoglycemia.
If you cannot readily determine the cause or correct the problem on your own, contact your health-care provider for help. This consistency allows for greater control of blood sugar levels, which can help reduce the risk for diabetic complications.
Weight loss will also improve diabetes management. Some individuals consider meal replacement shakes a convenient method for weight loss and blood sugar control. When choosing a meal replacement shake, it is important to first examine the nutrition facts label and the ingredient list. The number of different shakes on the market vary in protein, carbohydrate and calorie content; some shakes even contain fiber.
A shake that is high in protein can help promote satiety, or the feeling of fullness. It can also prevent blood sugar spikes by slowing the release of sugar into the blood, thus promoting a slow and steady rise in blood sugar.
Fiber acts similarly to protein in this respect. Meal replacement shakes are portion controlled and therefore may be a very important tool for diabetics who aim to lose weight.
Energy balance is also a key factor in weight loss. The average meal replacement shake provides around calories of energy; it is not considered a low-calorie food item unless it is used as it should be, as a meal replacement. If the energy provided in one shake is not enough to sustain you, consume something solid, like fruits and vegetables, to promote satiety.