Protein helps to contribute to a feeling of fullness and promotes muscle growth and maintenance. While many diets shy away from fat, the Atkins diet recommends eating as much dietary fat as a person wants, as long as the carbohydrate intake is low, states the Mayo Clinic. Dietary fat does have some health benefits, like aiding in the absorption of fat-soluble nutrients, yet saturated fat is not healthy for the heart. S'more flavored Atkins bars have 9 g of total fat and 6 g of saturated fat each, according to CalorieKing.
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Atkins was nevertheless sentenced to death. On appeal, the Supreme Court of Virginia affirmed the conviction but reversed the sentence after finding that an improper sentencing verdict form had been used. At retrial, the prosecution proved two aggravating factors under Virginia law—that Atkins posed a risk of "future dangerousness" based on a string of previous violent convictions, and that the offense was committed in a vile manner.
The state's witness, Dr. Stanton Samenow , countered the defense's arguments that Atkins was mentally retarded, by stating that Atkins's vocabulary, general knowledge and behavior suggested that he possessed at least average intelligence.
As a result, Atkins's death sentence was upheld. Lynaugh , U. Kinser authored the five-member majority. Justices Leroy Rountree Hassell, Sr. Due to what it perceived to be a shift in the judgments of state legislatures as to whether the mentally retarded are appropriate candidates for execution in the thirteen years since Penry was decided, the Supreme Court agreed to review Atkins's death sentence. The Court heard oral arguments in the case on February 20, In the ruling it was stated that, unlike other provisions of the Constitution, the Eighth Amendment should be interpreted in light of the "evolving standards of decency that mark the progress of a mature society.
Accordingly, the Court had previously found that the death penalty was inappropriate for the crime of rape in Coker v. Georgia , U. Florida , U. The Court found that the Eighth Amendment forbids the imposition of the death penalty in these cases because "most of the legislatures that have recently addressed the matter" have rejected the death penalty for these offenders, and the Court will generally defer to the judgments of those bodies.
The Court then described how a national consensus that the mentally retarded should not be executed had emerged. In , Georgia was the first state to outlaw the execution of the mentally retarded. Congress followed two years later, and the next year Maryland joined these two jurisdictions. Thus, when the Court confronted the issue in Penry in , the Court could not say that a national consensus against executing the mentally retarded had emerged.
Over the next twelve years, nineteen more states exempted the mentally retarded from capital punishment under their laws, bringing the total number of states to twenty-one, plus the federal government. While there are 50 states, 19 don't allow the death penalty under any circumstance, making 21 out of 31 a clear majority of the death penalty states. In light of the "consistency of direction of change" toward a prohibition on the execution of the mentally retarded, and the relative rarity of such executions in states that still allow it, the Court proclaimed that a "national consensus has developed against it.
Also, the "relationship between mental retardation and the penological purposes served by the death penalty" justifies a conclusion that executing the mentally retarded is cruel and unusual punishment that the Eighth Amendment should forbid.
In other words, unless it can be shown that executing the mentally retarded promotes the goals of retribution and deterrence , doing so is nothing more than "purposeless and needless imposition of pain and suffering", making the death penalty cruel and unusual in those cases.
Being mentally retarded means that a person not only has substandard intellectual functioning but also significant limitations in adaptive skills such as communication, self-care, and self-direction. These deficiencies typically manifest before the age of eighteen. Egg mayonnaise, sliced ham and a small salad. Cold fried chicken, mayonnaise and avocado. Prawn mayonnaise, cold asparagus spears with melted butter. Homemade spicy beef and tomato soup.
See recipe below 7. Homemade creamy chicken soup and home baked bread made with Atkins Advantage whole grain bread mix. Cold tandoori chicken and raita. Sushi and cold stir fried vegetables in sesame oil.
Cheese, ham and mushroom omelet. Chicken Kiev and grilled aubergine. Chinese chicken and alfalfa salad. Fourteen main meal ideas for the Induction Phase 1.
Thin strips of beef fried in oil with Chinese five spice and served with stir fry made from bok choy, bamboo shoots, one clove garlic, and sugar free soy sauce. Fried chicken, with boiled squash that has been mashed with butter and wholegrain mustard.
Ground beef patties, fried eggs and roasted squash cut the squash into chips cover with oil and roast in an oven. White fish and vegetable curry using a selection of vegetables from the acceptable food list. Pork fried in oil with ginger, garlic and lemongrass. Beef skirt, fried in a pan with butter, garlic and onions, served with griddled Swiss chard and zucchini and sugar free soy sauce. Warm chicken and egg salad with walnut oil and cubes of blue cheese.
Boiled lobster with garlic mayonnaise,watercress and cucumber salad. Jalapeno peppers stuffed with ground beef and cream cheese with tomato and red pepper salsa. Steak with a creamy peppercorn sauce, grilled tomatoes and mushrooms, and butter sauteed zucchini. Double cheeseburger — homemade beef patties, cheddar cheese, lettuce, tomato, pickled gherkin, mayonnaise, and home baked bread roll made with Atkins Advantage whole grain bread mix.
Roasted chicken with mashed squash and butter, and a broccoli and cauliflower cheese. Crab and vegetable broth with spaghetti squash. Chicken tikka kebabs with okra curry bhindi bhaji.
For Phaseses … For Phases , take any of the diet menus above and include some additional carbohydrates, according to whichever Phase you are following.
Extra carbs can be added by including the following foods: But always remember to stay within your own personal net carb allowance. Some simple Atkins Diet Menu recipes For all of these recipe ideas you will need to calculate the net carbs based on the weight and quantity of the ingredients you use. Turkey meatballs in tomato sauce Mix together in a bowl ground turkey, chopped onion, eggs beaten , your preferred seasoning such as oregano or paprika.
The mix should be sticky and the meat should hold together in a ball when shaped and pressed — the egg will bind the ingredients. Shallow fry in oil until browned and cooked through. For the tomato sauce: Rice free kedgeree OK, this is a bit of a cheat calling this kedgeree because we are going to omit the rice, but the flavor will be the same. And, if you are in Phases you can have rice as long as you count the net carbs and stay within your daily allowance.
Take some smoked white fish such as cod or haddock.