Healthy Eating Tips to Prevent, Control, and Reverse Diabetes
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Most kids don't need to do this, but all kids can benefit from eating a healthy, balanced diet that includes the right number of calories — not too many, not too few. But how do you know how many calories you need? Kids come in all sizes and each person's body burns energy calories at different rates, so there isn't one perfect number of calories that every kid should eat.
But there is a recommended range for most kids between 6 and 12 years old: When they reach puberty, girls need more calories than before, but they tend to need fewer calories than boys. As boys enter puberty, they may need as many as 2, to 3, calories per day, especially if they are very active. But whether they are girls or boys, kids who are active and move around a lot need more calories than kids who don't.
If you eat more calories than you need, the body changes extra calories to fat. Too much fat can lead to being overweight and other health problems. Only your doctor can say if you are overweight, so check with him or her if you're concerned. And never go on a diet without talking to your doctor!.
High-calorie foods — such as sugary sodas, candy, and fast food — quickly add up to too many calories. Instead, eat a healthy, balanced diet. Exercising and playing are really important, too, because physical activity burns calories. Your body needs calories just to operate — to keep your heart beating and your lungs breathing. As a kid, your body also needs calories and nutrients from a variety of foods to grow and develop.
And you burn off some calories without even thinking about it — by walking your dog or making your bed. But it is a great idea to play and be active for an 1 hour or more every day. Your metabolism -- how well your body turns calories into fuel -- also matters. You slow down your metabolism , and that can make you fall short on some nutrients. Working with a dietitian is a good idea, so you make a plan that covers those needs.
Many apps can help you track your eating. Since you probably have your smartphone with you all the time, you can use it to keep up with your plan. Or keep a pen-and-paper food journal of what you ate and when. So ask your family and friends to support your efforts to lose weight. At the most basic level, food is fuel. It gives you energy to do things. But very few people eat just for that reason. The first step is finding out what your triggers are. Is it stress , anger, anxiety , or depression in a certain part of your life?
Or is food your main reward when something good happens? Next, try to notice when those feelings come up, and have a plan ready to do something else instead of eating.
Could you take a walk? These are the sugars in cookies, cakes, sugar -sweetened drinks, and other items -- not the sugars that are naturally in fruits, for instance. Sugary foods often have a lot of calories but few nutrients. Be choosy about carbs. You can decide which ones you eat, and how much. Look for those that are low on the glycemic index for instance, asparagus is lower on the glycemic index than a potato or lower in carbs per serving than others.
Whole grains are better choices than processed items, because processing removes key nutrients such as fiber, iron, and B vitamins. There are vegetarian and vegan sources nuts, beans, and soy are a few , as well as lean meat, poultry, fish , and dairy. Most Americans get enough protein but could choose to get it from leaner sources, so you may already have plenty in your diet.
Your exact protein needs depend on your age, gender, and how active you are. Make friends with good fats. The better choices are those in fish , nuts, and seeds, and olive oil or coconut oils. Those have unsaturated fats -- polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fats, specifically. Fill up on fiber. You can get that from vegetables, whole grains, fruits -- any plant food will have fiber.